In the rapidly evolving landscape of automotive technology, advancements in driver support and automation play a crucial role in shaping the future of mobility. To gain insights into these advancements, we turn to Dr. Bryan Reimer, a renowned expert in driver behavior and human factors research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In a recent podcast interview, Dr. Reimer discusses his background, research endeavors, and the complexities surrounding the integration of automation and driver support systems. Let’s delve into the key takeaways from the conversation.
Dr. Reimer’s journey began two decades ago with his pioneering eye movement studies on drivers’ interactions with emerging technologies like cell phones while driving. Since then, his career at MIT has spanned the study of various aspects of driver behavior, including workload, distraction, driver monitoring, and advanced vehicle technologies. Additionally, he is a recognized thought leader in the future of mobility, particularly how automation may transform our lives and transportation systems in the years to come.
Dr. Reimer founded the Advanced Vehicle Technology(AVT) Consortium 2015. This academic-industry partnership brings together key stakeholders in the automotive ecosystem in a unique collaborative effort at MIT. The AVT Consortium aims to analyze real-world driving data, understand the utilization and effectiveness of in-vehicle technologies, and collaboratively address the challenges posed by automation and advanced safety systems. The complex nature of these transformations necessitates a collective effort to derive insights that accelerate product development, ensuring consumer well-being and delivering convenient, comfortable, and safe mobility experiences.
One significant area of focus for Dr. Reimer and the AVT Consortium is mitigating driver distractions through improved driver support systems. By comparing different production systems, such as GM’s Cadillac CT6 equipped with Super Cruise and other technologies like Tesla’s Autopilot, they assess the impact on driver attentiveness and behavior.
These comparisons shed light on the effectiveness of driver support strategies and the allocation of attention while utilizing automation. The research highlights the transition times between automated driving and manual control, offering valuable insights into improving driver engagement and safety.
Automation enables drivers to allocate attention to non-driving-related activities, which raises questions about the implications of extended glance durations. Dr. Reimer’s research indicates that during autopilot use, most glances exceed the traditional threshold of two seconds. While this behavior might be expected when automation assumes driving tasks, it emphasizes the need for robust driver sensing systems. Innovations from companies like Smart Eye and prior Affectiva (both AVT Consortium members) provide critical data on driver behavior and enable algorithms to interpret driver actions. Leveraging these systems, manufacturers can develop effective driver feedback and support mechanisms, ensuring that automation and human drivers collaborate harmoniously for safer and more convenient mobility.
An intriguing aspect of driver safety systems explored by Dr. Reimer is the integration of active driver support with assisted driving features. By combining these elements, automotive systems can work collaboratively to enhance safety and convenience. This holistic approach recognizes the importance of not only supporting the driver’s actions but also harmonizing them with the capabilities of advanced safety and automation technologies. By seamlessly fusing driver support and assisted driving, manufacturers can optimize the overall driving experience and make mobility more efficient and secure.
Dr. Bryan Reimer’s extensive expertise and research initiatives shed light on the advancements in driver support and automation. Through collaborations like the AVT Consortium, the industry gains valuable insights into real-world driving data, which inform the development of safer and more effective automotive technologies. As automation becomes more prevalent, it is essential to strike the right balance between driver attention and the advantages offered by automation. By integrating advanced driver sensing systems and combining driver support with assisted driving features, the automotive industry moves closer to a future where mobility is convenient, comfortable, and above all, safe.